After a Hurricane . The typhoons of the western Pacific are likely to hit Japan, China, & Southeast Asia. The technically-sound term, tropical cyclone for these storms can be attributed to the fact that they form over the tropical oceans. In the Indian Ocean, the cyclone season starts on October 15 and goes through to May 31. Hurricanes, tropical storms, and tropical depressions pose a variety of threats to people and property. Hurricane return periods are the frequency at which a certain intensity of hurricane can be expected within a given distance of a given location (for the below images, 58 statute miles). As warm air is less dense, it rises, and colder air from the surroundings is attracted into the … In fact, the Bay of Bengal is a hotbed for cyclonic storms. Listen here, Episode 51: Earth. Other than a well-defined circulation, a hurricane is typically characterized by sustained winds of 74 miles per hour, which can go well beyond 150 miles per hour at times. Contrary to the belief that they are only restricted to the Atlantic Ocean, these natural disasters do occur in all the tropical oceans on the planet. Simply put, it's a hurricane if it occurs in the North Atlantic and Eastern Pacific, tropical cyclone (or simply cyclone) if it occurs in the Indian Ocean, South Pacific, or South Atlantic, and lastly, typhoon if it occurs in the Western Pacific Ocean. An initial warm core system(an organized thunderstorm complex) is necessary for the formation of a tropical cyclone, but a large flux of energy is needed to lower atmospheric pressure. (Below is a graphic that shows you when hurricanes are most active across parts of the world.) A Weather and Travel Community Please stop by the weather and travel message boards, so that you can interact with others who live in or have taken vacations in Mexico, Florida, the Caribbean or other tropical locations. If the eye of a storm is over your area, you will experience a short period of calm. The top 10 most hurricane-prone cities in the U.S. are the following: Cape Hattaras, North Carolina We’ve also recorded an episode of Astronomy Cast all about planet Earth. The eye of the hurricane is relatively calm while the areas surrounding the eye called the eyewall is where the harshest weather and winds will resides (NOAA, 2013). In the Northern Hemisphere, hurricanes occur between the months of June and November. Hurricanes and more generically, tropical cyclones occur in seven distinct basins around the world. Hurricane rampage is not restricted to the coastal regions. The Atlantic hurricane season is from June 1 to November 30, but most hurricanes occur during the fall months. Hurricanes, for example, are the names given to tropical cyclones in the United States and the Antilles. Hurricanes are truly massive in scale and are known to reach a diameter of 600 miles or more. The same for the Eastern Pacific begins on May 15 and ends on November 30. In the United States, hurricanes from the Atlantic Ocean are most likely to make … To be more precise, they occur between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn as a rule. read more Then, they thunder across the warm oceans of the world such as the Atlantic, the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean, and the Western Pacific Ocean (where they are called typhoons), up to higher latitudes. It is a tropical nightmare, but if humans could somehow harness that energy we would never need fossil fuels again. Hurricane Return Periods . Central Pacific hurricanes are rare and on average 3 or 4 storms form or move in this area per year. Though rare, the chances of a hurricane occurring outside the stipulated season cannot be ruled out. They form near the equator over warm ocean waters. In the Southern Hemisphere, the tropical cyclones originating in the southwestern Indian Ocean are more likely to hit Madagascar and countries along the east coast of Africa, while those occurring in the southeastern Indian Ocean are likely to hit the northern coast of Australia. A lot of people become uncomfortable during hurricanes especially when they are forced to evacuate their homes. Hurricanes can also bring strong winds, tornados, rough surf, and rip currents. Floods are more common than wildfires and occur five times more. Hurricanes are one of the ways by which nature tries to attain an energy balance between the surface and the atmosphere. If you’d like more info on hurricanes, check out Visible Earth Homepage. 0 0. When planning a vacation, if you are heading to a tropical climate it would be a good idea to know when and where hurricanes occur. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! The formation of hurricanes is a complex process which is triggered by numerous factors coming into play. Typically circular or ovular, the formation has the appearance reminiscent of a human eye when viewed from above. In the Northwestern Pacific, such storms are known as typhoons, while in the North Atlantic and eastern North Pacific, they are known as hurricanes. Hurricanes are the most violent storms on Earth. The only land masses impacted by tropical cyclones in this region are Hawaii and Johnston Atoll. Tropical cyclones are distinguished by the deep convection that fuels them. Since convection is strongest in the tropics it defines the initial domain of the tropical cyclone. Why do Hurricanes occur? While a tropical cyclone’s primary energy source is the release of the heat of condensation, solar heating is the initial source of that evaporation. Hurricanes and more generically, tropical cyclones occur in seven distinct basins around the world. The Eastern Pacific hurricane season is from May 15 to November 30. The Eye of a Hurricane. Interestingly, it's the Coriolis force because of which hurricanes rotate clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and counterclockwise in the Southern Hemisphere. The Eye of a Hurricane. Central Pacific hurricanes are rare and on average 3 or 4 storms form or move in this area per year. The prerequisites of this process include warm water, moist air, low pressure area, wind disturbance, and a considerable depth; all of which are readily associated with the Intertropical Convergence Zone. As a matter of fact, the pressures recorded at the center of tropical cyclones are among the lowest that occur at sea level. While hurricanes mainly make landfall in coastal cities along the Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic Ocean, there are certain hurricane-affected areas that seem to draw storms in more than others. Hurricanes in the Atlantic Ocean strike the east coast of Mexico and Central America, Bermuda, the Caribbean, Florida, Texas, Louisiana and the southeast coast of the United States … Hurricanes that form in the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean occur between June 1st and November 30th each year. The difference between a tropical storm and a hurricane is wind speed – tropical storms usually bring winds of 36 to 47 mph, whereas hurricane wind speeds are at least 74 mph. Year after year, hurricanes seem to hit the United States with rapid succession. Why are hurricanes dangerous? At the center of the hurricane is an area of sinking air. Hurricane safety . Certainly a hurricane that affects the coast will likely have a large storm surge that results in elevated water levels. They form near the equator over warm ocean waters. To do this, they typically form between 5 to 15 degrees latitude north and south of the equator. Many Atlantic hurricanes start to take shape when thunderstorms along the west coast of Africa drift out over warm ocean waters that are at least 80 … It turns out that that is a major question. Hurricanes are by far most common in the Pacific Ocean, with the western Pacific being most active. In the Southern Hemisphere, the tropical cyclones originating in the southwestern Indian Ocean are more likely to hit Madagascar and countries along the east coast of Africa, while those occurring in the southeastern Indian Ocean are likely to hit the northern coast of Australia. What is a hurricane? The formation of the eye is important to understanding how hurricanes occur as well. These produce strong winds and heavy rain. Where Do Hurricanes Occur? The peak of hurricane season occurs between mid-August and late October, when the waters in the equatorial Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico have warmed enough to help support the development of tropical waves. Knowing how do hurricanes form is not the only thing that helps understand these storms. Once formed, hurricanes often continue moving until they encounter a force that slows them down. Only tropical cyclones that form over the Atlantic Ocean or eastern Pacific Ocean … They occur because the hot and cold climates mix together to form the funnel cloud and they always form over the ocean. Typhoons, another term for hurricanes, that occur in the western Pacific typically hit a combination of 14 different countries, including the Philippines, Malaysia, Japan, Vietnam, China and Thailand. In the Southern Hemisphere, on the other hand, the occurrence is prominent between December and May. Follow these suggestions for staying safe after a hurricane: Remain indoors until an official "all clear" is given. Tropical storms can grow into hurricanes, and hurricanes can grow into stronger hurricanes. Hurricanes happen because the ocean becomes warm during summer. Hurricanes (by whatever name) are by far most common in the Pacific Ocean, with the western Pacific being most active. Even the name of a hurricane is decided on the basis of where it occurs. Hurricane season in the Atlantic Ocean lasts from the beginning of June to the end of November, while in the north Indian Ocean, it lasts from April to December. Hurricanes do an important job for the Earth. When do hurricanes occur? Well, a hurricane is a tropical cyclone that occurs in the North Atlantic Ocean or the Northeast Pacific Ocean and remains east of the International Dateline. The Eastern Pacific hurricane season is from May 15 to November 30. As this busy hurricane season reaches its halfway point, it would be nice to know—where do hurricanes occur most and where are you most safe? Most of the damage is caused by flooding and storm surge. Storm surge and inland flooding have historically been the number one offsite link and two causes of loss of life during hurricanes. read more. 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