Barceloux, D.G., Medical Toxicology of Natural Substances: Foods, Fungi, Medicinal Herbs, Plants and Venomous Animals. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2009. Baumgärtner, B. Buchsbaum (Buxus sempervirens). Buxus Sempervirens ‘Faulkner’ grows into a compact, upright specimen with dense foliage. English Buxus have long leaves with pointed ends, they can be used for hedging or topiary (stand alone or in a cluster). [32] Boxwood grows very slowly. Buxus Sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa ... Buxus Sempervirens ‘Elegans’ – Mottled-leaf boxwood with a conical shape. Box Hill, Surrey is named after its notable box population, which comprises the largest area of native box woodland in England. It is helpful to divide leaf development into several stages based on the time at which various features of the leaf become determined (Sylvester et al., 1996). Tough, hardy and easy to grow, this dwarf Boxwood provides color year-round, as well as form, texture and contrast to its companion plants. Neves, J.M., et al., Ethnopharmacological notes about ancient uses of medicinal plants in Tras-os-Montes (northern of Portugal). Buxus is a genus of about 70 species in the family Buxaceae.Common names include box or boxwood.. It is a dense variety with more oval leaves. Buxus sempervirens is a rounded to broad-rounded shrub or small tree that is native primarily to open woodlands and rocky hillsides in southern Europe, northern Africa and western Asia. Japanese boxwoods, Buxus microphylla japonica, are very adaptable. Small, elliptic to oval to oblong leaves (1/2" to 1 1/2" long) are simple, opposite, smooth-margined and evergreen. Buxus sempervirens ‘Elegantissima’ is more frost sensitive than others while B. bodenii has a shaggy growth habit. It is easy to transplant due to its shallow roots and tolerates pruning well hence its use in topiary. I have had success growing it in the walled patio garden at the Cuddy Estate, but it may never achieve the size that I have seen it growing in England. Stays a nice dark green all winter. Homoeopathy still made use of the leaves against rheumatism, HIV and fever[29] by brewing tea from them. Available from: Sturluson, T. Health Benefits of Boxwood and Side Effects. [31] Also, the leaves from B. sempervirens were used as an auburn hair dye. The approximately 185 named cultivars show a wide range of growth habits and leaf colour and size. Width: 10 ft. 0 in. Leaves are dark glossy green above and yellowish-green below. 1998. Choudhary, Chapter 2 Chemistry and Biology of Steroidal Alkaloids, in The Alkaloids: Chemistry and Biology, A.C. Geoffrey, Editor. Boxwood … Species of flowering plants in the box family, Please review the contents of the section and. Leaf morphogenesis of Buxus sempervirens was investigated in order to emphasize the histo-anatomical peculiarities related to their persistency. [3][15][19], The leaves were formerly used in place of quinine, and as a fever reducer. Good for low borders. Shaded area represents potential planting range. Sizes . The flowers are born in the leaf axis but unnoticeable for the eye. It has small, rounded to oblong, glossy dark green leaves. "Evergreen Plants in Roman Britain and Beyond: Movement, Meaning and Materiality", http://www.boxwoodsociety.org/uploads/22_2_1982_October.pdf, http://www.botanic-garden.ox.ac.uk/buxus-sempervirens.html, http://www.herbal-supplement-resource.com/boxwood.html, http://www.natwiss.ph-karlsruhe.de/GARTEN/material/steckbrief/Giftpflanzen/buchsbaum_ph-ka.pdf, http://www.pflanzenfreunde.com/hausmittel/fieber-senken.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Buxus_sempervirens&oldid=992583811, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional medical references from May 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles requiring reliable medical sources, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 01:29. Small, elliptic to oval to oblong leaves (1/2\" to 1 1/2\" long) are simple, opposite, smooth-margined and evergreen. Buxus is evergreen and very hardy and can be shaped into any form. Buxus sempervirens, the common box, European box, or boxwood, is a species of flowering plant in the genus Buxus, native to western and southern Europe, northwest Africa, and southwest Asia, from southern England south to northern Morocco, and east through the northern Mediterranean region to Turkey. Buxus sempervirens - Common Boxwood Plant Viewer. Buxus sempervirens - Common Boxwood. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. New growth is particularly susceptible to winter damage. 2002, London :: Dorling Kindersley. [23] After this it was found that the leaves (containing alkaloids, oils and tannin), the bark (containing chlorophyll, wax, resin, lignin and minerals) and the oil from the wood had a medical effect. Fruit is a dehiscent capsule (to 1/3" long) that matures to brown.Genus name comes from the Latin name for plants in this genus.Specific epithet means always green in obvious reference to the evergreen foliage.Common name of boxwood is in reference to the prior use of the wood to make boxes. long (2 cm). evergreen shrub; 15' to 20' tall with an equal spread; dense and multibranched; most often develops a gumdrop shaped form; Summer Foliage. [1][2][3] Buxus colchica of western Caucasus and B. hyrcana of northern Iran and eastern Caucasus are commonly treated as synonyms of B. English boxwood, Buxus sempervirens ‘Suffruticosa’, is a dwarf boxwood and is technically a form of American boxwood. Some susceptibility to blights and leaf spot. 'Wintergreen' - Has bright green leaf color and small leaves. It’s an excellent plant to make into topiary, as you can leave a smart finish after trimming. 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