Highly important Iron Age finds were unearthed, including a well-preserved shrine that was dated to ca. The new finding "is revolutionary in making a case for the use of specialized psychoactive plants in early Israelite religion," said Patrick McGovern, the scientific director of the Biomolecular Archaeology Project at the Penn Museum in Philadelphia, who was not involved in the study. Aloha. Based on the altars' characteristics, researchers concluded this was a "holy of holies" shrine, meant to evoke the inner sanctum of the Tabernacle of the Israelites, where God was thought to appear. Pro-marijuana advocates (maybe the authors?) Cannabis, in contrast, isn't local to the Middle East. Identify the news topics you want to see and prioritize an order. I would like to subscribe to Science X Newsletter. These unique findings shed new light on cult practices in biblical Judah, suggesting cannabis was used here as a deliberate psychoactive, to stimulate ecstasy as part of cultic ceremonies. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. The new tests revealed that the smaller altar contained burned cannabis and animal droppings. The ‘fortress mound’ of Tel Arad (Aharoni 1968; Aharoni, M. 1993; Herzog 2002) was excavated between 1962−1967 on behalf of the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, by Yohanan Aharoni (Ruth Amiran served as co-director during the first season). of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain Cannabis Unsafe levels of radiation found in Chernobyl crops, Angel, devil and blood-red heart appear at Martian south pole, Scientists think they've detected radio emissions from an alien world, Lost artifact from Great Pyramid was just found in a cigar tin in Scotland, Octopus punches fish in the head (just because it can). Could COVID-19 have wiped out the Neandertals. Unidentified dark material preserved on their upper surfaces was submitted for organic residue analysis at two unrelated laboratories that used similar established extraction methods. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. Past excavations revealed two superimposed fortresses, dated to the 9th to early 6th centuries BCE, which guarded the southern border of biblical Judah. The Arad shrine was disassembled and rebuilt for display at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem, which opened in 1965. If this is an older Jewish site then others must have used it after the Jews left because excrement is forbidden in the temple. Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. Arad provides the earliest evidence for frankincense in a clear cultic context. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox, © Phys.org 2003 - 2020 powered by Science X Network. The laboratory analysis of the residues revealed plants that were present in the shrine in the eighth century B.C.E., helping to enrich modern knowledge of the religious practices of the ancient Judahites. extra-biblical evidence" that similar practices were used in the First The only "fact" is that cannabis plant material was found at a shrine. Tests of this black gunk in the 1960s gave mostly inconclusive results, noting only that one clump contained animal fat. the Science X network is one of the largest online communities for science-minded people. During these excavations, archaeologists found a well-preserved shrine dating to about 750 B.C. Analysis of the material on two Iron Age altars discovered at the entrance to the “holy of holies” of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain Cannabis and Frankincense, according to new article in the journal, Tel Aviv. The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Tech Xplore in any form. The burnt cannabis is "the first known evidence of [a] hallucinogenic substance found in the Kingdom of Judah," a region that now includes parts of the West Bank and central Israel, the researchers wrote in the study. Eran Arie et al, Cannabis and Frankincense at the Judahite Shrine of Arad, Tel Aviv (2020). The shorter altar stands 18 inches (40 cm) high. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletters are free features that allow you to receive your favourite sci-tech news updates. Optional (only if you want to be contacted back). Researchers discovered burnt cannabis and frankincense at the site, which was located in the Kingdom of Judah. The study was published online yesterday (May 28) in the journal Tel Aviv. Maybe the cannabis was used to sedate the animal before slaughter. The taller altar stands 20 inches (50 cm) tall. Credit: Laura Lachman / Israel Museum In the Christmas story, indeed, gold, frankincense, and myrrh was brought to the baby Jesus as gifts from the wise men of the East. Front view of the shrine at Arad, rebuilt in the Israel Museum. Writer. Analysis of the material on two Iron Age altars discovered at the entrance to the “holy of holies” of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain Cannabis and Frankincense, according to new article in the journal, Tel Aviv. Lead author Eran Arie from The Israel Museum in Jerusalem commented, "This is the first time that cannabis has been identified in the Ancient Near East; Its use in the shrine must have played a central role in the cultic rituals performed there.". The second reason that Arad is truly unique among biblical archaeological sites is that it is the best example of an Iron Age temple ever found. The tradition goes that if you draw a good fortune, you take it home with you. Your opinions are important to us. Shrine of Arad - Omikuji Fortunes. and Frankincense at Research, Risks, Legality. The study doesn't mention "the psychoactive properties of grape wine, which we know to have played a central role in early Israelite religion," McGovern said. Analysis of the material on two Iron Age altars discovered at the entrance to the "holy of holies" of a shrine at Tel Arad in the Beer-sheba Valley, Israel, were found to contain Cannabis and Frankincense, according to new article in the journal, Tel Aviv. Shrine of Arad I like this event thematically, and 10 runs a day shouldn't be much, but oddly enough I managed to blow an entire FP bar on my main and fell short even though I wasn't doing DS3. Change of direction in immune defense: Frankincense reprograms inflammatory enzyme, Handwriting analysis provides clues for dating of old testament texts, Who were the Canaanites? Taylor & Francis. The world's largest iceberg has just broken in two, The Milky Way is probably full of dead civilizations, Deadly centipede 'king' rules over a poison hellscape cave. It is the only Judahite temple ever discovered. A small sanctuary was uncovered in the Arad fortress on Judah’s southern border. Phys.org is a part of Science X network. Frankincense comes from Arabia, so it's likely that the Kingdom of Judah took part in the south Arabian trade, even before the Assyrian empire encouraged such practices starting in 701 B.C., the researchers said. Two limestone monoliths, interpreted as altars, were found in the Judahite shrine at Tel Arad. The Tel Arad fortress, where the shrine was unearthed in the 1960s. Because excavation of Jerusalem’s Temple Mount is impossible, the shrine at Arad is the closest physical example that we have to the Temple of Solomon, which is described in great detail in 1 Kings 6. 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